The Olympics Issues of Greece 1896-1901-1906
The Crown Prince Constantine at that time was chairman of this committee and its members included the familiar names of D. Vikelas, I. Filimon and J. Lambrou. From the philatelic point of view,were the unknown until then J. and D. Sakorafos brothers and they are the ones who deserve to be known as the pioneers and heroes.
The country itself was poor and poorer still the financial means available, but fortunately emigrant Greeks, always willing to aid and stand by their homeland, came to the rescue as they have done in every noble effort.
Averoff (as Zappas in earlier times) offered considerable sums to make a success of the organization of the games. It was then that the Sakorafos brothers had the bright idea of issuing a set of commemorative stamps, part of whose proceeds, would go toward the fund raised by the Olympic committee.
The idea was indeed excellent, but the issue was combated inside and especially outside Greece, before it could be realized.
The fact is that the Sakorafos brothers struggled hard in all directions in order to realize this issue. Finally, thanks to their efforts and perseverance, the idea made headway, the obstacles were overcome, the idea won through, and amid the multitude of difficulties managed to materialize.
10 DRAHMAS on R. commercial cover normally posted,
At this stage we can draw a parallelism between the struggle undertaken by the Sakorafos brothers and the struggle of Spyros Louis, the Marathon runner.
The tenacity and struggle of the Sakorafos brothers for the success of this issue and the affection and recognition shown for it by the average Greek, contain the lofty height of "The great, the beautiful and the true" to use the poet's words. They can be compared with the persevering and gallant will for victory shown by Spyros Louis in that first Athletic Marathon race of the world.
That common man who did not even know the meaning of the words perseverance, patience, and devotion to purpose, ran as an unknown individual, and reached the finishing line, sweating, smiling, and proud, his only guides having been his will power and his Greek stubbornness.
In order to emphasize still further the elements which I desire for the drawing of this parallelism I recall the fact that Greece, up to the day the Marathon race was run (29th March), had not won a single first Olympic victory in the field events. For this reason, all Greeks were hoping that even at the last moment, one of their compatriots would attain that which uptil then had been the impossible. They awaited the Marathon race, they awaited the Greek, they awaited Louis.
Thus did it come about that, either through a presentiment or some other inward need, eighty thousand people had filled that fine gem of Athens, the Stadium even before the Marathon runners had set off.
Thousands more had lined the course of the race anxiously awaiting the Greek presence.
It was with the same feeling of anticipation that the Greeks standing up, welcomed and gave an ovation to the victorious Louis, the simple water carrier from Maroussi who became the first Olympic winner of the most grueling event in the games, that they greeted the 1896 Olympic Issue.
Once again Greece entrusted to France their printing, having in mind the good precedent of the printing of Greece's first stamps in Paris, in 1861. Inspired by period of Classical Greek antiquity, the artist A. Gillieron, made drawings using as his models, amphorae, statues and architectural works of Myron, Praxiteles, Pheidias, Paionios and others.
The engraver E. Mouchon, basing himself on the drawings by Gillieron, made the steel moulds and the French National Printing Works proceeded with the printing.
The 1896 stamps, the stamps of the first Olympic Games, were printed. On 25th March, the first athletic stamps made their appearance, creating an outburst of joy to the public but a deliberate rejection, on the part of the philatelic status quo of the time. Even after they had appeared and had circulated, the same hostile policy towards them was maintained.
It is easy today to see why they were loved but also why they were persecuted so much if only we take a look at how many leading features and originalities these first Greek Olympic stamps carried for their period:
- Chronologically, they are the first Athletic stamps in the world.
- They are the first Greek commemorative stamps.
- They are the first Greek stamps which do not have the head of Hermes as
their subject matter.
- They are the first Greek stamps (and among the first in the world) to have
had so high a nominal value.
- In addition, there is their original and undisputed beauty.
- Apart from the foregoing, the 1896 stamps are one of the first issues in the world to have broken away from the almost standard presentation of the stamp of those times, which consisted of the similar repetition of a picture or subject with colour's variation only in each one value. All this, for the philatelic status quo were pebbles, thrown into still waters. One could say that the elements contained in the twelve stamps (original appearance, affection for ancient beauty as the reason for the issue) were considered features which ought to be persecuted: if possible, their sale and circulation should be prevented.
In particular, the purpose of the issue which was to finance the Olympic Games Committee, apart March 1897 to begin with, then until 31st December, 1897 and finally until the entire issue had been exhausted, although simultaneously from covering postal expenses, became the cause for many countries to sabotage their distribution and to recommend to philatelic circles not to take any interest in the Greek Olympic Stamps.
In the end, the losers were those who believed in the sabotage, while the winner were those who received even some sets and especially some posted on the first day of their circulation. This was because athletics in Greece rests on sound foundations and is worshipped the world over. So it came about that the Greeks who believed the issue would honour athleticism and the Olympic Spirit, took it to heart with fervour. Knowing that part of the proceeds from the sale of the stamps would aid a better organization of the games, they ignored foreign advice and crowded the Post Offices to buy Olympic Games stamps.
As a result, the Greek Government granted extension, until 31st sales of previous issues were allowed (the small Head of Hermes).
Now days, the first Olympic Stamps are a Philatelic saga. Their recognition has become international and their collection has become an object of worship and fanaticism. Hundreds of collectors all over the world take an interest in them. This is easily explained: we know that the collector who finds the object of his collection on easily in never issues and relatively easily in the first postwar issues, begins to encounter difficulties in the issues of the period between the Wars and especially those of the Latin American countries, he will also encounter difficulties with the Belgian issue of 1920 and easily or with difficulty, he will inevitably end up with the Greek issues of 1896 and 1906, if he desires to form a noteworthy collection.
The same will occur if he wishes to examine some isolated subject, e.g. field events. He will have to end up with the five Lepta stamp of 1896. Even if he wishes to show the sites where the games were held, which is to say the Stadiums, again he will end up with the blue one Drachma of the first Olympic set.
Thus, for reasons of continuity, history, subject matter and philatelic documentation, the first Olympic Issues of 1896 (and 1906 later) are always in the foreground.
However, I believe we should underline a further message contained by these stamps. As is widely known, in ancient times, states at war were not entitled to participate in Olympic Games. They had to declare "ekaihiria", armistice, in order to acquire the right to participate. But the cessation of hostilities, the protection of life, the joy of love, have always symbolized the everlasting values in the life of man and are factors in the creation of good living. Consequently, Olympic stamps issued on the occasion of the games canvass this objective.
The repetition of the games every four years, and the issue of special Olympic stamps give a new foundation to the historic continuity of the event and a message for a better way of life. Even what they illustrate, take from subjects of athleticism, architecture, sculpture, mythology and history, show the elevation and victory of the human spirit with important social and cultural extensions. Finally, they underline peace, the world at peace, a feature which has not only been attractive through the ages but is needed by us today more than at any other time.
At this point, let us rest for a moment with the illustrations of the first 1896 Olympic Games issue.
1. Values: 1,2,5,10,20,25,40,60 Lepta and 1, 2, 4, 10 Drachmas
2. Perforation: Small forms, Horizontal forms: 14×l3½ Vertical forms 13½×14
3. Paper: Medium to thick, very good quality
4. Sizes: 1, 2, 5, 10 Lepta (small forms) other values (large forms)
6. Gum: There are at least four different types of gum (smooth, thin, white-ocher to thick, yellow brown with fatter gumnerves).
7. Printing qualities: 4,000,000 (for 1, 2, Lepta) 52,500 (for 10 DRH)
8. First Day of Circulation: 25-3-96
9. Last Known Day of Circulation: 28.11.1918 (on used stamp at authors collection).
10. Errors of Perforation:
2 Lepta: double horizontal perf. (down)
10 Lepta: removal of horizontal perforation
20 Lepta: removal of vertical perforaton
20 Lepta: partly incompleted horizontal perforation (one tooth to vertical sides)
2 DRH: partly incompleted horizontal perforation in combination with missing of vertical (vertically imperforated)
11. Forgeries, fakes:
40L, 60L. 2DRH. 5DRH. 10DRH (Perforation 14×l3½ in the small dimension instead of 13½ ×14).
12. Re-issue: 60 Lepta (grey black colour).
13. Colours: Each stamp exists in two shades of its colour, dark and bright.
As the last observation on my part: The peculiarities of the 1896 issue, its technical details, its age, its historical interest and its philatelic possibilities, form powerful elements for its presence in Traditional International Philately. The same elements, combined with its multiple subject matter, leave no doubt as to the contri butory abilities of the Stamps of the First Olympic Games to International Thematic Philately, since they are able to cover many of the finer expressions of the human mind and hands.
The collection was formed during a period of forty years and presents the above issues from the point of view of Traditional Philately. It is the World's unique collection up to today (1988) where the Greek Olympic issues are presented in this field. Also is the unique collection presenting Greece, but not Hermes Heads, which has now been included in the F.I.P. Championship Class.
The main studies, included in the collections are:
1. The 1896 and 1906 Postage.
2. The Athenian Post-Offices during the Games (1896).
3. The "Treasury" Cancellations.
4. The 1896 Forgeries
5. The 1900/1901 overprint of 1896 issue.
5. The 1906 imperforated
AUTHOR AND EXHIBITOR
|Last Updated on Wednesday, 22 September 2010 07:22|